The snout on a hedgehog is typically shorter and wider in comparison to a tenrec. Found in Madagascar and parts of the African mainland, tenrecs closely resemble hedgehogs but, in fact, they’re unrelated. And we have already touched on the hedgehog's need for heat and lighting control versus tenrecs, who don't need these artificial environmental controls. Greater Madagascar tenrecs also have these spines, but you won't often find them as pets in the United States. Their spines are not poisonous or barbed and unlike the quills of a porcupine, cannot easily be removed from the animal. From the top they look tear-drop shaped and can curl into a full ball without issues. Although there are similarities between Tenrecs and hedgehogs, they are in no way related. @font-face { The Madagascan Hedgehog Tenrec is fairly disease resistant with few, if any recorded serious ailments. Tenrecs are perfectly capable of using sand to exfoliate dead skin cells and regularly clean themselves. Also, those that do decide to give sand baths a try should stick with children's play sand or reptile sand. Scientists now think that this is wrong. African Pygmy hedgehogs are more popular than you may think and they are more than just a caged pet. When it comes to the social personalities of hedgehogs versus tenrecs, they are pretty much the same. Hibernation (also called torpor) is a normal part of a tenrec's yearly cycle. Read to learn about the differences and similarities of pet hedgehogs and tenrecs. There have been cases of hedgehogs that would not warm up to anyone – ever! One difference between the two is their defense mechanisms. This is called ‘quilling’. I fell in love with them instantly. The closest relatives to tenrecs, through a common ancestor, are actually elephants, sea cows, hyraxes, and aardvarks. However, if not having to worry about tight temperature or lighting controls appeals to you, the tenrec may be your dream pet. They are a prime example of convergent evolution, which is the independent development of similar characteristics between completely unrelated lineages. Tenrecs are widely diverse; as a result of convergent evolution some resemble hedgehogs, shrews, opossums, rats and/or mice.They occupy aquatic, arboreal, terrestrial and fossorial environments. Meet Quilly. This is because each animal has its own personality. Early on, we found that in the hedgehog community there were those that had difficulty processing the passing of their hedgie. It is strange that members of the family Erinaceidae, which composes the hedgehog family, are specifically exempted from the restricted list.It seems rather silly because tenrecs, a species that are not related to hedgehogs but are very similar … There are exceptions to this, but generally there's no confusing a hedgehog snoot with a tenrec snoot. They can actually rise in a stupor-like state before returning to sleep. Scientists now think that the lesser hedgehog tenrec is really the cousin of elephants, aardvarks, and manatees and is not closely related to hedgehogs at all. For that reason, we wrote an article that biblically proves that there will be animals in heaven. If there’s ever a question you want to ask about hedgehogs, click on his image to see if he’s already answered it on the Ask Quilly page. The oldest known tenrec lived in the Blank Park Zoo in Des Moines, Iowa. A hedgehog reaches its full weight in about 3 months. Because they have spines (quills) like hedgehogs, the name lesser hedgehog tenrec was coined. Confused about hedgehogs vs tenrecs? Lesser hedgehog tenrecs spend their days sleeping and their nights gobbling up insects along with other food. Hedgehogs are in the subfamily Erinaceinae, in the eulipotyphlan family Erinaceidae - share distant ancestry with shrews; Not related to porcupines, tenrecs, or rodents. Jun 10, 2019 - Are you confused about hedgehogs vs tenrecs as pets? Lesser Madagascar tenrecs weigh 4 to 7 ounces (113 to 255 grams) and grow to between 5.5 and 7 inches (14 to 18 centimeters) in length. If you'd like to learn more about hedgehog hibernation signs and symptoms, you can explore that here. However, the difference is in the details. Regardless of personal preference, each of these unique and special creatures have the ability to make someone that sees them stop and say, “Awwwwww”. Many refer to them as “lesser hedgehog tenrecs”. But, Murphy et al. Surprisingly, they are smaller than pet hedgehogs. Weebly.footer.setupContainer('cdn2.editmysite.com', '1607117169'); We're sorry that this post wasn't useful for you! These factors shape the personalities of tenrecs as well. There are four sub-families of tenrecs, and the Lesser Madagascar Hedgehog Tenrec is part of the Tenrecinae, or spiny tenrec, group. One thing that hedgehogs and tenrecs have in common is they both anoint. In addition, you should not inbreed by mating a male to a female who is closely related (like a mother or sister). Tenrecs are small mammals of variable body form. Hedgehogs have a short life span of only 3-7 years. Tenrecs enter torpor some time between fall and spring and it typically lasts from 3-5 months. Tenrecs have a long, narrow snout that almost looks rat-like. Pet hedgehogs have skinny legs like a tenrec. Our goal isn't to persuade you in one direction or another. This is usually one of the main dividing lines when someone is considering a tenrec for a pet. A defense that all species of hedgehogs possess is the ability to roll into a tight ball, causing all of the spines to point outwards. If you'd like to learn about litter training please follow this link: How to Litter Train a Hedgehog. Pet Hedgehogs and Tenrecs Import Guidance. Because the body shapes of several of the tenrec species resemble hedgehogs and shrews, people thought that tenrecs were related to these groups. There are 34 species of tenrec, with a large range of diversity between the various members of this group. Although they may resemble shrews, hedgehogs, or opposums, they are not closely related to any of these groups, their closest relatives being the otter shrews, and after that, other African insectivorous mammals, such … They have a musky odor that some have described as smelling like corn chips or Doritos. Daily handling is ideal, both to keep them socialized and accustomed to interaction with people, and to be able to get the most out of the relationship. Hedgehogs are prone to several serious diseases, some of which can be avoided. Unlike hedgehogs, tenrecs will typically choose one (or two) different areas to use as their elimination area. When it comes to bathing hedgehogs, water is the preferred method. Moreover, when outside temperatures plummet, they undergo true hibernation, becoming stiff and cold to the touch. No votes so far! Water baths should almost never be given as they can cause skin issues. When under extreme stress or during sickness, a hedgehog can also lose its spines. Hedgehogs are most closely related to gymnures and other insectivores, including moles, shrews, tenrecs and solenodons. They do not require focused, high-intensity attention, and instead do very well simply being with a person in whatever context best fits that individual's lifestyle and routine. Rather, we want to provide information to anyone that is on the fence about hedgehogs versus tenrecs as a pet. Hedgehogs are closely related to gymnures. Since hedgehogs have external genitals, there is a greater risk of sand getting where it doesn't belong and causing a UTI (urinary tract infection). While there isn't any hedgehog health census tracking every disease of every pet hedgehog, these are some of the most prevalent diseases we see in our spiny friends, in no particular order. Just as birds, bats, and certain insects all evolved the ability to fly without being at all related to each other, different species of are similar in appearance to shrews, opossums, mice, otters, and hedgehogs as a result of filling a similar niche in their environment. It is as large as a rabbit, and is less spiny than the other species. In addition to the two species of hedgehog tenrec Setifer setosus and Echinops telfairi, are the two species of streaked tenrec Hemicentetes semispinosus and H. nigriceps. Noninfectious Diseases. African Pygmy Hedgehog: APHs are not naturally occurring, but a hybrid bred for domestication. Although tenrecs are currently placed in the same order (Soricimorpha) as solenodons, true shrews, and moles, the actual evolutionary relationships of tenrecs are unresolved. Before we discuss hibernation and torpor, it's important to understand that they are different, yet similar. When it comes to longevity of hedgehogs vs tenrecs, we believe tenrecs rank right up there. There are several species of tenrec with the most common being the lesser, common, and greater. Use of the Insectivora as a taxonomic order has, however, been largely abandoned in recent years; more rigoro… Visual differences between hedgehogs & lesser hedgehog tenrecs. font-style: normal; Unfortunately these animals are not legal to keep in all states and cities. Traditionally, the Insectivora had been something of a dumping ground for smallish insect-eating mammals that were rather unspecialised in their appearance; it included the hedgehogs, shrews, moles, tenrecs (sometimes referred to as ‘fake hedgehogs’), and colugos (gliding mammals found in Southeast Asia, also called flying lemurs). Species Specifics. document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function() { On the other hand, tenrecs need to have an insectivore diet as their primary source of nutrition. Our goal isn't to persuade you in one direction or another. } In fact, the two species are not closely related. Perhaps the best-known examples are tenrecs - Madagascan insectivores related to hedgehogs. While they are both omnivores, the hedgehog's diet mainly consists of a high quality cat kibble, with insects and select human food offered as treats. The life span of a pet tenrec is around 13 years, but there are always exceptions to the rule. As a word of caution, some tenrecs will use their sand bath area as a litter area, so regular changing of sand may be necessary. Hedgehog average lifespan is 3.5-5 years, maximum 9 years. Description. While researching this article, we found that many tenrec owners cited pickiness when it comes to the tenrec palate. url("//cdn2.editmysite.com/fonts/SQ_Market/sqmarket-medium.woff") format("woff"); The most commonly kept as pets are the Lessers. src: If you don’t find your question, submit it and he’ll be glad to answer it in a future video. We encourage anyone who has a pet to read it. The evolutionary relationship of this family to other mammals, particularly shrews, solenodons, moles, golden moles, and tenrecs, is unresolved. Pet hedgehogs and tenrecs imported into the United States (U.S.) must meet various requirements. While pet tenrecs can (and should) eat kibble, it's generally agreed upon that they should also have live insects as a large part of their diet (3-4 times a week at the minimum), for the sake of variety and enrichment. On the other hand, when tenrecs feel threatened, they are more likely to bite than to ball up. Also, their favored activity is running on an exercise wheel. You can learn more about it in the article Hedgehog Anointing Explored. Tenrecs are not related to hedgehogs despite having similar looks and indeed, they really are very different! }); Hedgehogs are easily recognized by their spines, which are hollow hairs made stiff with keratin. The nutritional requirements for hedgehogs versus tenrecs is different. Pet hedgehogs in the United States are typically African Pygmy hedgehogs or some variation of that breed. A family of creatures found primarily in Madagascar, tenrecs come in all shapes, but only small sizes. ... (related to diet) and tooth decay (related to torpor or advanced age), both which can be avoided with basic preventative measures. I stumbledupon it I will come back yet again since i have book-marked it. In the wild, tenrecs are almost completely insectivorous, with the occasional fruit or meat if they come across it. Most pet tenrecs have been well socialized, so this may not be a concern. These indicators induce these survival mechanisms. To be clear, hedgehogs and tenrecs are not even remotely related, but do have similar behaviors. This can be supplemented with small amounts of fruit, cooked eggs or meat, or baby food. A lesser hedgehog tenrec (Echinops telfairi). All-in-all, there were around 350 species classified into 60 genera. In fact, the last common ancestor of all of … This is entirely dependent on the varying personalities. Since they are similar in many ways, we decided to explore the similarities, and also the differences. Because they walk through their bodily waste, they need daily foot baths and usually 1-2 full baths per month. It almost looks like something out of a demonic horror movie. Hedgehogs. Both hedgehogs and tenrecs are nocturnal. Male and female genitalia are external to the body and very distinguishable. Though similar in appearance to hedgehogs, they are more closely related to shrews, moles, and otters. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: Our sincere thanks go to Potenza Exotics for granting us permission to use their tenrec picture as part of the feature picture for this article. However, for the sake of the litters, you should only breed males who are in good health and free of defects. Aangestuurd door Greater hedgehog tenrecs have a round muzzle and white-tipped, sharp spines that densely cover their back, sides, and tail. The Lesser Madagascar Hedgehog Tenrec is about 5-7 inches from nose to tail. Hibernation is a period of deep sleep in which the animal's core temperature goes way down as well as their rates of breathing, heart, and metabolism. While hedgies will climb given the chance, they aren't well adapted for it and will likely fall. Taxonomists used to believe that tenrecs were closely related to shrews and moles, but genetic studies performed in the last decade indicate they are in fact most closely related to elephants, aardvarks, manatees, elephant-shrews, hyraxes, and golden moles. Much of this is related to how much they were handled by the breeder and continued to be held by the new owner. At a glance, hedgehogs and tenrecs (lesser hedgehog tenrecs) have superficial similarities, both in appearance as well as general care requirements. Welcome to Tenrecs The Lesser Hedgehog Tenrec is the most common Tenrec species kept in captivity and their popularity has increased year on year. However, females can usually be cohabitated without any problems, either with a male or another female. The lesser hedgehog tenrec is a small, stout-bodied animal similar to the hedgehog, hence the name. Greater hedgehog tenrecs may seem similar to hedgehogs (Erinaceidae), but they are tenrecs , which are distantly related. They look like miniature hedgehogs but are not closely related, despite the name. ... (related to diet) and tooth decay (related to torpor or advanced age), both which can be avoided with basic preventative measures. Even though they are not biologically related at all, these sorts of animals are small and would be easily preyed upon but for the fact that they have those characteristic tiny spikes on … Legality of Porcupines, Hedgehogs, and Tenrecs. There are 25 species of tenrec which are mostly found on Madagascar, but some are native to mainland Africa. font-family: SQMarket-Medium; While we know that there are some that will disagree, it's true. Hedgehogs obtain their poop boots mainly from running on their wheels at night. However, sand baths for hedgehogs is a topic that is hotly debated in the hedgehog groups. Greater hedgehog tenrec are found in southern and southwestern areas of Madagascar, where wild populations are steadily declining as a result of severe habitat loss on the island. Both hibernation and torpor are usually triggered by environmental factors like temperature and hours of daylight. Although there is no shortage of food or harsh environment, domesticated tenrecs will safely enter and exit torpor naturally. The name lesser hedgehog tenrec is misleading, as tenrecs are not related to hedgehogs. Lesser Tenrecs are a species of mammal in the family tenrecidae. If you want a pet that is active year-round, this might be a deal-breaker for you. if (document.readystate === 'complete') { Similar to the length of adult tenrecs, adult hedgehogs can vary between 5 to 8 inches (12.7 to 20.3 centimeters). Hedgehogs vs. Tenrecs. He was an astonishing age of 22 back in 2011 and we imagine that he has gone home to heaven at this point. A tenrec is any species of mammal within the afrotherian family Tenrecidae endemic to Madagascar. Torpor lasts for about 4-6 months during the winter (typically Sept/Oct through Feb/March). Neoplasia in hedgehogs and tenrecs is the most commonly reported noninfectious disease. Hi, I do believe this is an excellent blog. While it is recommended to provide an exercise wheel, they are more likely to take a leisurely stroll on it than run on it. And there have been other cases where hedgehogs interact very well with practically everyone they encounter. And they do that naturally without any training. No studies have been done on the health effect of preventing a tenrec from entering torpor by strictly controlling their lighting and temperature. Their toes are stubby in comparison. With a tenrec, a cage that has a vertical orientation is the better choice. Also, they don't foam when they anoint and the process looks very much like they are just grooming themselves. This area where the genitals are housed is called the cloaca, which is a urogenital opening. Once they are sexually mature, male hedgehogs can breed indefinitely. The inclusion of "hedgehog" in their names can be misleading - it is because of that resemblance, not because they are related to hedgehogs. Throughout this article, we have covered much ground comparing and contrasting hedgehogs vs tenrecs. While the species pictured here isn't the best starter one, their little cousin the lesser hedgehog tenrec makes a wonderful first time exotic pet. - … The smallest species are the size of shrews, with a body length of around 4.5 cm (1.8 in), and weighing just 5 g (0.18 oz), while the largest, the common or tailless tenrec, is 25 to 39 cm (9.8 to 15.4 in) in length, and can weigh over 1 kilogram (2.2 lb). Hedgehogs are more passive defensively and will curl into a spiny ball while making hissing and popping noises. Cage requirements for a hedgehog are discussed in the article, “What Kind Of Cage Does A Hedgehog Need?” Within the cage, measures must be taken to prevent climbing for their safety. The same rules apply to hedgehogs or tenrecs about not housing two or more males together, since they will fight. Their closest relatives are moles and shrews. Like hedgehogs, though, there is probably a number of diet related health problems that must yet be overcome. Due to convergent evolution, tenrecs can look like anything from hedgehogs and opossums to shrews and mice; they can also occupy aquatic, arboreal, terrestrial, and fossorial enviroments, but not matter what form they take, baby tenrecs are always cute. It can actually be dangerous for them. It has a white belly, 4 toes on its back feet, and comes in a wide range of colours. The lesser hedgehog tenrec does indeed look like a hedgehog, so much so that people used to think that the tenrec was a close cousin of the hedgehog. They love to climb and thrive in an environment that closely matches their natural habitat. Tenrecs differ from hedgehogs in that hedgehogs roll into a ball and hiss at potential predators, while tenrecs will unroll and attack and bite a persistently threatening predator. Guy Musser To be clear, hedgehogs and tenrecs are not even remotely related, but do have similar behaviors. So apparently hedgehogs and tenrecs can both be picky eaters. They are solitary animals that forage alone, except for mothers with young. } else { url("//cdn2.editmysite.com/fonts/SQ_Market/sqmarket-medium.woff2") format("woff2"), Because of this consistency in toileting habits, they don't get the infamous “poop boots” that hedgehogs are known for. In this case, because the two groups of porcupines are closely related, they would be considered to be examples of parallel evolution; however, neither echidnas, nor hedgehogs, nor tenrecs are close relatives of the Rodentia. If you get attached to animals deeply and the loss of them is soul-crushing, you might want to reconsider owning a hedgehog. Two males cannot be housed together, and will fight. There are over 25 species of tenrecs, each adapted for living in water or trees or on the ground. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others. You can read a deeper discussion of that in two articles we have previously published: The Best Hedgehog Food List and Hedgehog Safe Food Ideas. The Hedgehog Penis: Structure, Habits, and Disorders, Hedgehog Teeth And The Need For Dental Care, Physical Differences in Hedgehogs vs Tenrecs, Social Characteristics of Hedgehogs and Tenrecs, Hibernation in Hedgehogs and Torpor in Tenrecs, Water Baths for Hedgehogs vs Sand Baths for Tenrecs, Bodily Waste Elimination in Hedgehogs vs Tenrecs, Environmental needs of Hedgehogs Compared To Tenrecs, Quilly video, he covers the topic of whether a hedgehog smells or not, biblically proves that there will be animals in heaven. African Pygmy Hedgehog: APHs are not naturally occurring in South Africa, and are a domesticated species of hedgehog. Is a urogenital opening not naturally occurring, but generally there 's no confusing a hedgehog reaches its weight... Are sexually mature, male hedgehogs can breed indefinitely this can be quite with! 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